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Avoiding the Most Common TOEFL iBT Writing Mistakes - uMasterexam
Badly organized Very hard to understand Little meaningful or relevant content from the talk Only includes information from the reading passage. According to the new definition, a planet must clear the neighborhood around its orbit. While Pluto does not, neither do other planets including Earth. Technically speaking, many planets have asteroids as neighbors, therefore, they do not clear their orbit.
Finally, the reading implies that people will soon forget that Pluto was ever a planet. In contrast, the professor talks of petitions and special ways that citizens are honoring the beloved planet Pluto. While the reading notes that children will not know any differently when they grow up without Pluto in their solar system, the professor claims that the lost planet will always have a place in children's hearts as it did from the very beginning. As you all likely know by now, Pluto has been officially demoted to a dwarf planet.
What this means is that we will no longer include it as part of our solar system. The debate about whether or not Pluto should hold its status as a planet created such a conflict within the community of world astronomers that it has been called the Great Pluto War. The decision on whether or not to demote Pluto was put to a final vote by astronomers from around the world at the International Astronomical Union Conference. However, when I say from around the world, I don't mean worldwide.
Of more than 10 potential voters, less than took part, mainly because there was no way for them to cast their vote without actually being at the conference. Many astronomers believe that if electronic voting had been an option, Pluto along with two other celestial objects, would now be considered planets.
Writing Preparation Strategies
Furthermore, the definition that was decided upon for a planet - that it must clear the neighborhood around its orbit - doesn't technically hold up, since Earth, Mars, Neptune, and Jupiter all have asteroids as neighbors. The IUC decision disappointed many people outside the astronomy community too. You see, there are more than a few Pluto lovers out there. Some were so angry at the resolution that they began putting petitions together to have the ruling overturned. Children in particular have a thing with Pluto and are perhaps the least willing to part with it. The name for the now dwarf planet was put to a vote in And incidentally, Pluto , which was chosen unanimously by a group at the observatory where it was discovered, had been submitted by a young schoolgirl.
This section of the test asks you questions about common experiences.
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You will be asked to give your opinion and provide reasons and examples. You will not be required to have any previous knowledge on a topic.
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You will have 30 minutes to prepare an essay in response to the question provided. Read the example of a student's brainstorming session and essay. When you are finished reading the example look at the checklist and find out why this student deserves a perfect score of 5. Some people prefer to settle down and start a family in a rural area. Other people prefer the convenience of the big city. Next up comes a listening passage on the same topic as the reading.
In fact, the best response on a scale from will focus on summarizing the points of the material in your own words. Rather than act like a parrot and just repeat words, you should attempt to be original in your phrasing. Here is an example:. Listen to part of a lecture on the same topic. Directions : You have 20 minutes to plan and write your response. Your response will be judged on the basis of the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the points in the lecture and their relationship to the reading passage.
Typically, an effective response will be to words Summarize the points made in the lecture, being sure to explain how they respond to the specific points made in the reading passage. View the sample essay here. Keep in mind, you do not need to express your actual opinion here. To score higher on the scale, try varying your vocabulary and sentence structure to give your writing an engaging boost.
Questions or writing prompts, for this task typically ask writers to pick a side on a given issue, then defend their choice.
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Agree or Disagree: Do you agree or disagree with this statement? These types of writing prompts offer an opinion or stance, then ask you whether or not you support it. Get yourself on one side or the other, then start gathering your supporting reasons. Dancing plays an important role in a culture. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. Support or Oppose: In the given situation, do you support or oppose this plan?
Do you support or oppose this plan?
Use specific reasons and details in your answer. Preference: Some people prefer A, others prefer B? Which do you prefer? The question will clearly present you with two possible options. Other people prefer to travel alone. Use specific reasons and examples to support your choice. What would you decide to do? Explain your opinion. This question type calls for another open-ended response, this time to a specific real-world issue. Though there may be many possible perspectives, be sure you are consistent in your response. Other people say that computers have made life more complex and stressful.
What is your opinion? Compare and contrast: Talk about the similarities and differences between A and B. These questions may combine with other question types, asking for an opinion or preference between the two things being compared. In your opinion, which source is more important? This table below breaks down the basics of both writing tasks.https://ismagniaba.cf
TOEFL Writing section
There are all kinds of questions that you could be potentially asked in either writing task, but familiarizing yourself with those alone will not be enough to produce strong results in writing. There are a few reasons why making use of writing templates will help you cover a wide variety of topics. Good writing is a little different from speaking, in that your style and way of putting words together needs to be a little more formal, and a little more clear. A template can help you express your voice in writing with proper style and clarity.
No one likes reading the same word repeatedly, and most readers will get bored with a tired-out sentence structure line after line. We encourage you to follow these templates as you practice writing as it will help you save time and get a high score on the TOEFL writing section. For this task, you will read a short prompt and then write a response.
As we mentioned ealier, there are 6 different types of prompts. Besides the "Compare and contrast" type, we recommend you use the basic five-paragraph structure , with an introduction, three body paragraphs, and a conclusion to write your response. Because every essay prompt is different, it is not possible to have a writing template that can be appled to all essay topics.
However, we'll explan how and what you should write each paragraph in general. In addition, We will provide you with 5 different techniques for writing the introductory paragraph along with useful phrases. Before we delve into how to write each paragraph in general, here is a quick summary of the basic five-paragraph structure:.
The following sections will explain each paragraph in detail and provide you with a sample TOEFL essay. The first part is General background information about the essay topic.